Understanding space perception by a contextual study of decorated areas of Cussac (Dordogne, France)
Armance Jouteau  1, *@  , Valérie Feruglio  2@  , Camille Bourdier  3@  , Hubert Camus  4@  , Catherine Ferrier  5@  , Frederic Santos  1@  , Jacques Jaubert  6@  
1 : De la Préhistoire à lÁctuel : Culture, Environnement et Anthropologie  (PACEA)  -  Site web
Université de Bordeaux, Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique : UMR5199
Université de Bordeaux Bâtiment B8 - CS50023 Allée Geoffroy Saint Hilaire 33615 PESSAC CEDEX -  France
2 : PACEA
Université de Bordeaux, CNRS : UMR5199
3 : TRACES
Université Toulouse - Jean Jaurès, CNRS : UMR5608
4 : CENOTE  -  Site web
entreprise privé
1 chemin de Valdegour 30900 Nîmes -  France
5 : UMR 5199 CNRS-UB-MCC  (Université de Bordeaux)
PACEA (UMR 5199)
6 : Université de Bordeaux
PACEA (UMR 5199)
* : Auteur correspondant

Bringing together human remains and parietal art, the cave of Cussac (Dordogne, France), discovered in 2000, is one of the major paleolithic sanctuary of Europe. In 2009, a research group has been set up (dir. J. Jaubert), organizing the research around 3 main themes: the natural environment, the animal frequentation and the human appropriation. As part of the third axis, the very well preserved state of the remains and testimonies all reported to the Middle Gravettian period (Jaubert et al., 2016), allowed to begin an interdisciplinary study about the question of the factors involved in the parietal arrangement, the layout of the graphic entities and their perception.

For this purpose, a few sub-objectives were defined:

- To find out the nature, the features and the state of preservation of the decorated surfaces,

- To record the repartition of the panels and their immediate environment,

- To check the co-visibility between panels,

- To document the accesses to the decorated walls and to the observation areas,

- To record the visibility and legibility areas of the panels.

They allow the discussion about the question of space investment and the moves in the cave via an interdisciplinary and innovative study, combining geology and taphonomy of the walls, karstology, parietal art, activity traces and lighting.

We propose for this communication to present and detail the analytical method developed and employed, then to discuss the first results about the Gravettian people behaviour inside Cussac cave.


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