Programmes > Par auteur > Kreiter Attila

Loess is more: chemical and petrographic analyses of Middle-Late Bronze Age ceramics and reference clays from the Great Hungarian Plain
Mark Golitko  1, *@  , Attila Kreiter  2@  , Paul Duffy  3@  , Györgyi Parditka  4@  
1 : University of Notre Dame  (UND)  -  Site web
Notre Dame, Indiana 46556 -  États-Unis
2 : Hungarian National Museum  (HNM)  -  Site web
Daróci út 3. 1113 -  Hongrie
3 : Department of Anthropology [University of Toronto]  -  Site web
University of Toronto Department of Anthropology 19 Russell Street, Toronto, ON, M5S 2S2, Canada -  Canada
4 : University of Michigan [Ann Arbor]  -  Site web
500 Church Street Ann Arbor, MI 48109-1090 -  États-Unis
* : Auteur correspondant

In much of Europe, the Bronze Age (~3000-1200/500 BC) witnessed dramatic increases in political hierarchy and wealth inequality. Control of resources and trade routes was likely a driving force behind these social, political, and economic changes. The Körös region of the Great Hungarian Plain (GHP) retains relatively egalitarian burial patterns, little evidence for accumulation of personal wealth, and a dispersed pattern of metal production suggesting that the region did not participate in these broader trends. In the absence of large volumes of longer-distance imports, it is however difficult to assess how the region articulated with neighboring areas and broader Bronze Age networks.

We present the results of petrographic and geochemical analyses of ceramics from late-Middle Bronze/early-Late Bronze Age (~1600-1300 BC) sites on the Great Hungarian Plain, primarily focused on the cemetery of Békés 103, excavated by the BAKOTA (Bronze Age Körös Off-Tell Archaeology) project. Comparison to an extensive sample of reference clays taken from across the GHP shows that despite the relative geological uniformity of the GHP, subtle compositional differences exist in clays and ceramics that can be used to assign sherds to general production regions, and that imports can be distinguished at individual sites. We discuss these results in the context of stylistic patterning in ceramics at Békés 103 as well as broader patterns of trade and exchange across the region.

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