Programmes > Par auteur > Baena Preysler Javier

Levallois points: are the same everywhere? A comparative analysis of the eastern and western middle Palaeolithic technologies
Sara Díaz Pérez  1, *@  , Concepción Torres Navas  1, *@  , Yamandu Hilbert  2, *@  , Rémy Crassard  2, *@  , Víctor Lamas Navarro  1, *@  , Javier Baena Preysler  1, *@  
1 : Universidad Autónoma de Madrid  -  Site web
Ciudad Universitaria de Cantoblanco · 28049 Madrid -  Espagne
2 : ARCHEORIENT - Environnements et sociétés de l'Orient ancien  (Archéorient)
CNRS : UMR5133, Université Lumière - Lyon II
Maison de l'Orient et de la Méditerranée Jean-Pouilloux 7 rue Raulin 69365 LYON Cedex 07 -  France
* : Auteur correspondant

The central area of the Iberian Peninsula is well known for its Lower and Middle Paleolithic occupation, both in the river terraces of the main rivers of the region (Manzanares and Jarama) as well as for the inter-fluvial region dominate by quarries and catchment areas. The archaeological area of El Cañaveral (Madrid), is one of the most extensive archaeological areas related to flint catchment and knapping activities of Neanderthal groups. All of these sites share a great abundance of stone lithic remains associated with important flint outcrops and secondary deposits. This abundance of lithic resources is clearly related to a wide range of provisioning strategies (Baena et all, 2011; 2014) and with large knapping activities un the same context.

In particular, the Parcela 32 assemblage (El Cañaveral, Madrid-Spain), confirmed the existence of Levallois operative chains of recurrent centripetal and unipolar point production modalities. Some schemes presented similarities with those defined in the Near East and northeast Africa as Nubian technology (Crassard and Hilbert 2013). In this study and based on the examples from El Cañaveral, we evaluate the similarities and differences between the levallois points modalities between eastern and western Mediterranean, and discuss whether we are dealing with movements of cultural expressions or with independent technological concepts.

This case study approach together with the experimental comparison of technological schemes from Parcela 32, opens a new debate on the influence of the Near East in the Middle Paleolithic of Iberia.

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