Programmes > Par auteur > Davila Jose Maria

New perspectives on the impact of climate change in the Huastec cultural development.
Diana Zaragoza  1, *@  , Jose Maria Davila  1, *@  
1 : Instituto Nacional de Antropología e Historia  (INAH)
* : Auteur correspondant

The region known as Huasteca, is in Northeast Mexico, occupies an area larger than 25,000 square kilometers, and its more accepted limits are: to the North, the Guayalejo - Tamesí river, the Tuxpan river to the South, to the East defined by the Gulf of Mexico and, to the West by the Sierra Madre Oriental.

Recent archaeological studies, show that not a single cultural tradition existed through time, by contrast, we found that there were different cultural manifestations that cannot be assign, as it was believed, to a single ethnic group which progressed throughout the pre-Hispanic development of this region.

In this presentation, we limit ourselves to discuss the events that occurred between the 9th and the 13th centuries, probably due to a climatic variation, and mainly the data obtained in the Tamuín area, in the State of San Luis Potosi, where we found a sudden transformation in the methods of building, as in other archaeological artifacts. We can see these changes in the type of mound construction as in the planning of the settlements, since certain spaces were created in large bases with the same techniques and patterns employed - hundreds of kilometers to the Northeast – by the Mississippian cultures.

For this reason, we conclude that the Huasteca, during these centuries, relates to other cultures, some coming from the Mayan Area and some that evolved in the "Southeast" of the United States; in addition, throughout its history - as we already mentioned - it was populated by diverse cultures. Therefore, we consider essential to study the Huasteca from this point of view, contrary to the traditional canons of its development, which only created confusion.

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