Programmes > Par auteur > Girininkas Algirdas

Lyngby type artefacts before Last Glacial maximum in Lithuania
Algirdas Girininkas  1@  , Tomas Rimkus  1@  
1 : Klaipeda University

The first Lyngby type tool made from reindeer antler in Lithuania was found in 2014, near Nemunėlis and Apaščia Rivers confluence in Parupė village, in northernmost location of Lithuania. This artefact was dated to 11 145 cal. BC. In the same year during gravel extraction in western Lithuania, in the Šnaukštai village, the second tool of same type was found. The third one and the last one was found also in western Lithuania, in Kalnėnai village, during gravel extraction near Nemunas River. According to radiocarbon dating, latter two artefacts are very early and dates to 43 000 cal. BC and 28 000 cal. BC. The main aim of this paper is to analyze distribution, typology and chronology of Lyngby type reindeer antler tools found in northern Europe and eastern Baltic regions. On the basis of the newest radiocarbon data we conclude that these type of tools were in use after Late Glacial maximum and before it. Latest research results shows that two Lyngby artefacts from Lithuania currently are the only ones in Lithuania and northern Europe found man-made tools used until Last Glacial maximum. As far as radiocarbon dating shows these tools were probably in use in Neanderthal and later Homo sapiens existence times. A recent examination of Lyngby type antler tools allows scientists to reconsider not only Lithuania, but also whole eastern Baltic region occupation in the Late Palaeolithic.


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