Programmes > Par auteur > Lopez-Garcia Juan Manuel

Pirro Nord (Apricena, Southern Italy): contribution to the first European peopling understanding
Marta Arzarello  1, *@  , Julie Arnaud  2@  , Claudio Berto  3, 4@  , Gabriele Luigi Francesco Berruti  1, 5@  , Razika Chelli  6@  , Francesco Colopi, Sara Daffara  1, 5, 7, 8@  , Theodora Karampatsou  3@  , Juan Manuel Lopez-Garcia  7@  , Domenico Giusti  9@  , Guido Montanari Canini  6@  , Elisa Luzi  7@  , Carlo Peretto  6@  , Benedetto Sala  3@  , Maurizio Zambaldi  10@  
1 : Dipartimento di Studi umanistici, Università degli Studi di Ferrara  (UNIFE)  -  Site web
Corso Ercole I d'Este, 32 Ferrara (FE) -  Italie
2 : Université de Ferrara
3 : Università degli Studi di Ferrara  (UniFE)  -  Site web
via Ludovico Ariosto, 35, 44121 Ferrara -  Italie
4 : Università degli Studi di Firenze [Firenze]  -  Site web
P.zza S.Marco, 4 - 50121 Firenze -  Italie
5 : Associazione culturale 3P - Progetto Preistoria Piemonte  -  Site web
Via Lunga, 38 - San Mauro Torinese (TO) -  Italie
6 : Università degli Studi di Ferrara  (Università degli Studi di Ferrara)
7 : Àrea de Prehistòria, Universitat Rovira i Virgili  (URV)  -  Site web
Av. de Catalunya 35, 43002 Tarragona -  Espagne
8 : Institut Català de Paleoecologia Humana i Evolució Social  (IPHES)  -  Site web
Zona educational 4 (Edifici W3), Campus Sescelades URV, 43007 Tarragona -  Espagne
9 : Universität Tübingen
10 : Università di Trento  -  Site web
via Calepina, 14 - I-38122 Trento -  Italie
* : Auteur correspondant

The Pirro Nord site (Apricena, FG) has been systematically excavated for 8 years by the University of Ferrara (Arzarello et al., 2007; 2014; 2016; López-García et al., 2015; Giusti and Arzarello, 2016) and the interdisciplinary approach has helped to define the technical behaviour of the first Europeans.

The site is located inside a karstic fissure within the Apricena Cretaceous limestone and is dated, on biochronological basis, to 1.3-1.6 Ma. The lithic industries have been found associated to the Villafranchian vertebrate fossils of the Pirro Nord Faunal Unit and show several common futures with the other European sites dated before 1 Ma. The environment was probably open and dry, with a seasonal wetland and a low vegetation.

The lithic production is finalized to the production of flakes probably mostly utilized for the exploitation of animal carcasses as attested by the usewear analysis and by the presence of cut-marks on some of the bones.

By a general point of view, the human behaviour is characterized by an expedient technology exploiting local row materials and probably local resources, but some technical behaviours (mainly related to lithic production methods) show a great awareness of production.


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