Programmes > Par auteur > Carciumaru Marin

Group identity and social networks in Gravettian. The case of perforated shells from Poiana Cireșului site, north-eastern Romania.
Elena-Cristina Nitu  1, 2, *@  , Marin Carciumaru  3@  
1 : “Princely Court” National Museum Târgovişte  -  Site web
7 Justiţiei Street, Târgovişte 130017, Dâmboviţa County -  Roumanie
2 : Museum of Human Evolution and Technology in Palaeolithic, “Princely Court” National Museum Târgovişte
7 Justiţiei Street, Târgovişte 130017, Dâmboviţa County -  Roumanie
3 : “Princely Court” National Museum Târgovişte
7 Justiţiei Street, Târgovişte 130017, Dâmboviţa County -  Roumanie
* : Auteur correspondant

Most of the Paleolithic art objects and adornments discovered in Romania come from Poiana Cireșului site. Recent investigations in this settlement have revealed four archaeological layers: one Epigravettian layer and three Gravettian ones. The oldest habitation, the third Gravettian layer, is dated to between 25,760 ± 160 BP (Beta Analytic 244073) and 27,321 ± 234 BP (ER 11859) (31,969 cal BP) and yielded lithic material, fauna remains and large combustion structures. The adornment items discovered in this layer are represented by 48 perforated gastropods shells belonging to the Homalopoma sanguineum (10 items) and Lithoglyphus naticoides (38 items) species. Homalopoma sanguineaum is a red-coloured gastropod which belongs to the Turbinidae family and is found exclusively in the Mediteraneean Sea. The discovery of this species at Poiana Cireșului, a site located in a mountain area specific for the region east of the Carpathians, 800 kilometers away from the nearest possible source, may have significant implications on understanding human groups mobility and vast spaced social networks. Poiana Cireșului is one of the very few Gravettian sites where perforated Homalopoma sanguineum shells were found. Furthermore, to our knowledge, the Lithoglyphus naticoides species was not being used for adornments in the Gravettian, the perforated pieces discovered in Poiana Cireșului being the only ones of this type. Except for the perforated shells, no other adornment item was discovered in this layer. The surprising facts are the morphology and morphometry of these two species, which may account for the reason behind their selection, as well as provide a clue to the identity of the group. This unique association of perforated shells, found in no other Gravettian settlement, contributes to the individualization of the Poiana Cireșului group's identity through their adornments. In addition to describing the pieces of adornments and the contexts in which they were discovered, the presentation will comprise the result of the technical and functional analyses carried out on the perforated shells (microscopy, traces of use), as well as discussions regarding group identity and social networks in the Gravettian.

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