Programmes > Par auteur > Gómez Bruno

Lithic technological organization in short-term occupations at Teixoneres Cave (Moià, Spain)
Andrea Picin  1, 2, *@  , Guillermo Bustos-Pérez  3@  , M. Gema Chacón  4, 5@  , Bruno Gómez  6, 7@  , Ruth Blasco  8@  , Florent Rivals  4, 9, 10@  , Jordi Rosell  4, 9@  
1 : Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History  (MPISHH)  -  Site web
Kahlaische Strasse 10, 07745, Jena -  Allemagne
2 : Friedrich Schiller Universität Jena, Bereich für Ur- und Frühgeschichtliche Archäologie  -  Site web
Löbdergraben 24a, D-07743 Jena -  Allemagne
3 : Universidad Autónoma de Madrid, Departamento de Prehistoria y Arqueología  -  Site web
Campus Cantoblanco, 28049 Madrid -  Espagne
4 : Institut Català de Paleoecologia Humana i Evolució Social  (IPHES)  -  Site web
Campus Sescelades URV (Edifici W3), 43007 Tarragona -  Espagne
5 : UMR7194 – HNHP (CNRS – MNHN –UPVD)
Sorbonne Universités
1, rue René Panhard, 75013 Paris & Musée de l'Homme, 17 Place du Trocadéro, 75016 Paris -  France
6 : Institut Català de Paleoecologia Humana i Evolució Social  (IPHES)  -  Site web
Campus Sescelades URV (Edifici W3), 43007 Tarragona, Spain -  Espagne
7 : Universitat Rovira i Virgili, Àrea de Prehistoria  (URV)  -  Site web
Avinguda de Catalunya 35, 43002 Tarragona -  Espagne
8 : Centro Nacional de Investigación sobre la Evolución Humana  (CENIEH)  -  Site web
Paseo Sierra de Atapuerca 3, 09002 Burgos -  Espagne
9 : Universitat Rovira i Virgili, Àrea de Prehistoria  (URV)  -  Site web
Avinguda de Catalunya 35, 43002 Tarragona -  Espagne
10 : Catalan Institution for Research and Advanced Studies  (ICREA)  -  Site web
Pg. Lluís Companys 23, 08010 Barcelona -  Espagne
* : Auteur correspondant

During the Pleistocene, climatic fluctuations and seasonal environmental variations imposed significant restrictions on the subsistence strategies of prehistoric hunter-gatherers who did not produce food and, consequently, moved on the landscape in relation to the changes in the spatial and temporal distribution of resources. Frequent seasonal movements from different habitats were a typical strategy in foragers groups but how they organized their technology during these displacements in order to minimize the risk of subsistence failure is little known. This paper aims to contribute new data to the current debate, by exploring the technological behaviors during the Late Middle Paleolithic at Teixoneres Cave (Moià, Spain). Multidisciplinary studies on the archaeological record indicate that Neanderthals occupations at the site were of short-term and space out by the visiting of carnivores, mostly hyenas. The technological analysis on the lithic assemblages of subunit IIIa and IIIb reveals the use of two main strategies. Configured cores and curated artefacts on chert and metamorphic rocks were transported during the movements on the landscape whereas, at the site, the exploitation of the local quartz nodules is generally expedient. Although the lithic assemblages are interpreted as palimpsests of repeated short-term settlements at the cave, the data shows the versatility of Neanderthals in the artefacts production with a clear differentiation between toolkit preparations and domestic activities. This pattern in raw material transport and exploitation is very different in comparison with the neighboring Middle Paleolithic sites where bigger amounts of higher quality raw materials are transported inside the natural shelters. The study evidences also the production of pointed blanks on local quartz and the frequent import of Mousterian points and convergent tools. These latter artefacts are rare in the north-east of the Iberian Peninsula suggesting an extended network with groups from the north-eastern Pyrenees and southern France.


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