Programmes > Par auteur > Alqadi Amjad

Scrapers and bifacial pieces: technical characteristics of the Yabrudian industries from several Levantine sites
Amjad Alqadi  1@  , Marie Besse  1@  
1 : Université de Genève  (UNIGE)  -  Site web
24 rue du Général-Dufour CH - 1211 Genève 4 -  Suisse

Can we consider the Yabroudian a facies of the Middle Paleolithic in the Middel East? The results of technological analyses done on assemblages of Yabroudian industries from the Levantine sites of Yabroud I (steppe zone), Tabun (costal zone), and Adlun (costal zone) show that scrapers were the dominant tool and that bifacial pieces were also utilized. These tools, which sometimes include scalariform retouches and are a part of the Yabroudian material, differ in their technology from the typical bifaces of the Upper Acheulean. The retouched flakes are present in several types in the classification created by L. Bourguignon (Bourguignon 1997). The cores are predominantly those of the Quina concept. The use of the soft-hammer technique is exhibited by the presence of flakes resulting from retouching and resharpening. The typical scalariform retouches are dominant and the atypical scalariform retouches are also present in certain contexts.

The Yabroudian demonstrates a chaine operatoire based primarily on the debitage, with a regular practice of shaping. The Yabroudian facies coexist in certain levels with typical Middle Paleolithic industries, such as the Levalloiso-Mousterian and the laminar industries. These analyses from several Levantine sites have revealed aspects that bring the Yabroudian closer to the Middle Paleolithic.


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