Programmes > Par auteur > Krotova Oleksandra

Zooarchaeological record of the last hunter-gatherers of the steppe region of Eastern Europe
Keiko Kitagawa  1, 2@  , Marie-Anne Julien  1@  , Alexander Bessudnov  3@  , Alexander Bessudnov  4@  , Oleksandra Krotova  5@  , Florent Rivals  6, 7, 8@  , Mikhail Sablin  9@  , Marylène Patou-Mathis  1@  
1 : Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle  (MNHN)  -  Site web
CNRS : UMR7194, Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle (MNHN)
Institut de Paléontologie Humaine 1, rue René Panhard 75013 Paris -  France
2 : Department of Early Prehistory and Quaternary Ecology, Institute of Pre- and Protohistory and Medieval Archeology, University of Tübingen
3 : Institute for the History of Material Culture, Russian Academy of Sciences
4 : P.P. Semenov – Tyan-Shanskii Lipetsk State Pedagogical University
5 : Institute of Archaeology, National Ukrainian Academy of Science
6 : Institució Catalana de Recerca i Estudis Avançats  (ICREA)
7 : Institut Català de Paleoecologia Humana i Evolució Social (IPHES)
8 : Area de Prehistoria, Universitat Rovira i Virgili
9 : Zoological Institute, Russian Academy of Sciences

The steppe region of Eastern Europe during the Pleistocene refers to the southern area of the Eastern European Plain where the grass flora was more ubiquitous than the tundra flora and marked by a rare presence of large megafauna (i.e. mammoths and rhinoceroses). Here, we summarize the recent zooarchaeological record from the southern steppe region of Eastern Europe from the Epigravettian period (20,000-~10,000BP). We will also present an application of complementary analytical approaches to the study of animal remains with the aim to reconstruct the duration of the accumulation and seasonality of the site occupations. The archaeological sites reveal the presence of several open air sites with abundant faunal remains, calling into question the settlement system and mobility patterns of hunter-gatherers. Ultimately, an overview of the large regional or pan regional patterns will help us connect the isolated sites and contribute to the general knowledge concerning the last phases in the evolution of the Eurasian hunter-gatherers.


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