Programmes > Par auteur > Jordi Rosell

Movement, space and time: bone refits to reconstruct Neanderthal's occupational models in Abric Romaní (Barcelona, Spain) and Riparo Tagliente (Verona, Italy).
Modolo Marta  1, 2, 3@  , Blasco Ruth  4, *@  , Rosell Jordi  5, 6, *@  , Thun Hohenstein Ursula  3, *@  
1 : Universitat Rovira i Virgili  (URV)  -  Site web
Avinguda de Catalunya 35, 43002. Tarragona -  Espagne
2 : Institut Català de Paleoecologia Humana i Evolució Social  (IPHES)  -  Site web
​Zona Educacional 4, Campus Sescelades URV (Edifici W3) 43007 Tarragona -  Espagne
3 : Università degli Studi di Ferrara, Dipartimento di Studi umanistici, Sezione di Scienze preistoriche e antropologiche  (UniFE)  -  Site web
Corso Ercole d'Este 32, 44100 Ferrara -  Italie
4 : Centro Nacional de Investigación sobre la Evolución Humana  (CENIEH)  -  Site web
Paseo Sierra de Atapuerca 3, 09002 Burgos -  Espagne
5 : Institut Català de Paleoecologia Humana i Evolució Social  (IPHES)  -  Site web
C. Marcel.lí Domingo s/n, Campus Sescelades URV (Edifici W3), 43007 Tarragona -  Espagne
6 : Àrea de Prehistòria, Universitat Rovira i Virgili  (URV)  -  Site web
Avinguda de Catalunya 35, 43002 Tarragona -  Espagne
* : Auteur correspondant

Neanderthal's material remains have been studied from a variety of perspectives with the aim of reconstructing different life-aspects of these human groups. The arrangements of artefacts and features within archaeological sites have often been employed to isolate activity areas and draw inferences about site function. This assumes that objects found in close proximity, were used for the same task, and that artefacts were usually discarded where they were used.

In this regard, refitting studies provide useful data in order to achieve some topics like: assemblage formation processes, post-depositional dynamics, settlement patterns, definition and integrity of stratigraphic units. The distribution of the remains and the connection lines documented by refitting, allow understanding the modalities of space-organization, how human groups divided themselves, how they relate to each other and the relationships between the site areas.

The aim of this paper is to present the application of this methodology in the Middle Palaeolithic levels I and Ja of Abric Romaní (Barcelona, Spain) and level 37 of Riparo Tagliente (Verona, Italy). This approach is correlated with neighborhood analysis and spatial distributions, allowing to reconstruct both natural and cultural processes involved in this record, in order to explore the anthropogenic use of the site, the differences between occupational patterns, subsistence activities, domestic areas, level of groups sophistication and the length of the occupation. Summarizing the collected data, different situations can be noted. Abric Romaní site shows two different occupational models: short-time occupations around small hearths, representing domestic activities in level I, and a mixture of short and large occupations in sublevel Ja, with synchronic relationships between activity areas and toss zones. A different situation has been highlighted at Riparo Tagliente, where the particular formation-site processes, led to the identification of more palimpsests, that consequently have reduced the amount of refits.

The resulting data could be used as a reference to investigate the patterns of occupation and subsistence of Neanderthals in Europe. The interaction of multidisciplinary approaches will improve our understanding of the Neanderthals daily life in a more detailed level.

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