Programmes > Par auteur > Barnes Ian

UP-North: Exploring the environmental context of the Late Upper Palaeolithic peopling of Northwest Europe
Rhiannon Stevens  1, *@  , Hazel Reade  1@  , Jennifer Tripp  1@  , Sophy Charlton  2@  , Sonja B. Grimm  3@  , Mietje Germonpré  4@  , Ian Barnes  5@  , Thomas Higham  6@  
1 : UCL Institute of Archaeology  -  Site web
31-34 Gordon Square, London WC1H 0PY -  Royaume-Uni
2 : The Natural History Museum, London  -  Site web
Cromwell Road London SW7 5BD -  Royaume-Uni
3 : Centre for Baltic and Scandinavian Archaeology  (ZBSA)  -  Site web
Stiftung Schleswig-Holsteinische Landesmuseen Schloss Gottorf, 24837 Schleswig -  Allemagne
4 : Royal Belgian Institute of Natural Sciences  (RBINS)  -  Site web
Museum of Natural Sciences Vautier Street 29 1000 Brussels -  Belgique
5 : The Natural History Museum, London  -  Site web
Cromwell Road, London SW7 5BD -  Royaume-Uni
6 : Oxford Radiocarbon Accelerator Unit, University of Oxford  -  Site web
Research Laboratory for Archaeology and the History of Art School of Archaeology 1 South Parks Road Oxford OX1 3TG -  Royaume-Uni
* : Auteur correspondant

Human subsistence, mobility and environmental interactions at the end of the Palaeolithic were undoubtedly influenced by large-scale and rapid climate change. With the melting of ice sheets and expansion / contraction of ecosystems, new landscapes and resources became available to Late and Final Palaeolithic hunter-gatherer people. The UP-North project is examining the dispersal of people and animal populations into Northern Europe after the Last Glacial Maximum. Using a range of techniques, including stable isotope, radiocarbon and ancient DNA analyses, UP-North is establishing local chronological, palaeoclimatic and palaeoecological frameworks in which links between cultural innovation and/or persistence under changing environments can be explored. A key aspect of the project is to assess the timing, pace and scales of change at a local level, and to evaluate whether these changes varied by or were consistent between locations. Here we present new stable isotope and radiocarbon data from Belgium and the British Isles. We apply a multi-isotope approach to key herbivore prey species (reindeer, red deer, horse, elk, and aurochs) to infer habitat change, local landscape evolution and ecological context of the human activity in the area. We explore the timing of human presence in the regions through radiocarbon dating faunal remains that show evidence of human modification. By developing multiple integrated lines of evidence the project provides an insight into the Late-glacial landscape and environment change that Palaeolithic people experienced and evaluates how these may have influenced the decisions they made.

 


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