Programmes > Par auteur > Desvignes Manon

Contribution to the definition of the Protoaurignacian: the comparison of archaeological materials from Dufour, Le Piage and le Bois de Milhac (France)
Jean-Guillaume Bordes  1@  , Manon Desvignes, Francois Bon  2@  , Solene Caux  1, *@  
1 : PACEA  (de la Préhistoire à l'Actuel : Culture, Environnement, Anthropologie)  -  Site web
Université de Bordeaux (Bordeaux, France), CNRS : UMR5199, Ministère de la Culture et de la Communication
UMR 5199 PACEA Université de Bordeaux Bâtiment B8 Allée Geoffroy Saint Hilaire CS 50023 33615 PESSAC CEDEX -  France
2 : Travaux et recherches archéologiques sur les cultures, les espaces et les sociétés  (TRACES)
Université Toulouse 2, Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique : UMR5608
Maison de la Recherche, 5 allée Antonio Machado 31058 TOULOUSE Cedex 9 -  France
* : Auteur correspondant

Protoaurignacian was first defined by G. Laplace decades ago and then revisit for the years 2000s. It is now widely recognized as part of the main techno-complexes that testify to the beginning of the Upper Palaeolithic from Europe and Near and Middle East. Until now most of the studies have been focused on typological, technological and morphometrical analyses of retouched bladelets, in order to compare material from Europe and the Levantine corridor. The hypothesis of Ahmarian origin for Protoaurignacian that supports the migration wave of Anatomically Modern Human from Africa is still based almost only on typo-technological comparison. Moreover in Occidental Europe, links between Protoaurignacian and the techno-complexes that are before and after in stratigraphy are still widely misunderstood. Finally, Protoaurignacian remains poorly described regarding articulations between its different technical systems: what about the territorial organization, the significance of different ornaments types or nomadism ways?

We would like here to participate to the characterization of this techno-complex in South-Western France before considering cross-regional comparisons. We will based our analyse on three sites: Dufour, the eponym site of “Dufour bladelet”, as well as le Piage that is currently excavated and present a rich archeostratigraphy including protoaurigancian level, and le Bois de Milhac that has been recently excavated and has delivered for its main sector lithic industry, faunal remains and ornaments exclusively related to Protoaurignacian. First we present the comparison of lithic industries from these three sites, discuting commonalities and differences. Based on both petroarcheaological and typo-technological analyses, we discuss economy and territory and georessources management. Secondly, we cross these results with other technical systems including data from archeozoology and ornaments studies. We then raise the issue of the anthropological signification of these technical and material characteristics.

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