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Kom W and X Basin: expanding the landscape archaeology of the Fayum, Egypt
Simon Holdaway  1@  , Rebecca Phillipps  2@  , Joshua Emmitt  2@  , Matthew Barrett  2@  , Veerle Linseele  3@  
1 : School of Social Sciences, University of Auckland  -  Website
School of Social Sciences Te Pokapū Pūtaiao Pāpori University of Auckland Private Bag 92019 Auckland 1142 NEW ZEALAND -  Nouvelle-Zélande
2 : Anthropology Social Sciences University of Auckland
3 : KU Leuven & Koninklijk Belgisch Instituut voor Natuurwetenschappen

The results of new studies of the formational history and age of the Kom W deposit, along with new analyses of the stone artefacts, pottery, and fauna are related to the analysis of the surface deposits of artefacts that surround the site. Rather than a village as some have claimed, Kom W accumulated over a period of around 1000 years without evidence for occupation structures. Dates obtained from surface heat retainer hearths suggest that the dense artefact deposits that surround the site accumulated over a similar period. When placed within its landscape context, Kom W is not as unique as once imagined nor does it have the attributes of a permanently occupied village as some have suggested. Instead, Kom W is similar to other deflated deposits in X Basin all of which indicate a combination of storage and considerable mobility. These results suggest a settlement pattern and socio-economy in the Fayum different to that reconstructed for the Levant. 


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