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Digitization, reconstruction and spatial analysis of the archaeological record of the Middle Paleolithic site of Jarama VI (Valdesotos, Guadalajara, Spain)
Jesús F. JordÁ-Pardo  1, *@  , Carlos Acevedo Pardo  2@  , Camilo Barcia García  3@  , Andrés Díez Herrero  4@  , Mercedes Farjas Abadía  5@  , Alfonso García Pérez  6@  , Alfredo Maximiano Castillejo  7@  , Juana Molina Salido  7@  , Marta Navazo Ruiz  8@  , Thomas Schramm  9@  
1 : Laboratorio de Estudios Paleolíticos. Departamento de Prehistoria y Arqueología. Facultad de Geografía e Historia. Universidad Nacional de Educación a Distancia  (LEP - UNED)
Ciudad Universitaria. Paseo Senda del Rey 7, E-28040 Madrid -  Espagne
2 : Department of Geodesy and Geoinformatic. HafenCity University Hamburg  (HCU)
Úberseeallee 16. D-20457 Hamburg -  Allemagne
3 : Escuela Internacional de Doctorado, UNED.  (UNED)
4 : Instituto Geológico y Minero de España  (IGME)
Calle Ríos Rosas, 23. E-28003 Madrid -  Espagne
5 : Departamento de Ingeniería Topográfica y Cartografía, Escuela Técnica Superior en Topografía, Geodesia y Cartografía de la Universidad Politécnica de Madrid  (UPM)
Campus Sur, Carretera de Valencia, Km 7, E-28031 Madrid -  Espagne
6 : Departamento de Estadística, Investigación Operativa y Cálculo Numérico, Facultad de Ciencias, Universidad Nacional de Educación a Distancia  (UNED)
Ciudad Universitaria. Paseo Senda del Rey 9, E-28040 Madrid -  Espagne
7 : Proyecto Reconstrucción digital, análisis espacial y difusión del registro arqueológico del yacimiento del Paleolítico medio de Jarama VI (Valdesotos, Guadalajara) mediante las nuevas tecnologías de la información y de la comunicación  (UNED)
8 : Área de Prehistoria, Departamento de Ciencias Históricas y Geografía, Universidad de Burgos.  (UBU)
Plaza Misael Bañuelos s/n, E-09001 Burgos -  Espagne
9 : Department of Geodesy and Geoinformatic. HafenCity University Hamburh  (HCH)
Überseeallee 16. D-20457 Hamburg -  Allemagne
* : Corresponding author

Jarama VI is located on the NW edge of the Guadalajara province (Castilla–La Mancha, Spain). It is a rock shelter partially filled up by sediments which were excavated between 1989 and 1994. The archaeological excavation shows a lithostratigraphic sequence formed by three Pleistocene sedimentary units (Jordá 2007) with thousands of archaeological remains of the Middle Palaeolithic (Navazo et al. 2017) with an age older than 50 ka BP (Wood et al. 2012; Kehl et al. 2013; Higham et al. 2014) and even a bone remain of Homo neanderthalensis (Lorenzo et al. 2012). These human occupations correspond to later Neanderthal populations who lived in central Iberia many years before the arrival of the first modern humans to this area (Cacho et al. 2012). During this last year we have reviewed the traditional archaeological record of the excavation (excavation diaries, inventories of materials, drawings of stratigraphic sections, planes of distribution, photographs, publications, etc.) in order to digitize it and perform a spatial and statistical analysis. To do this, we have created a database where we have included all the excavation data collected in paper until now. In addition, we have made the digital topography of the site and the territory in which it is located as well as the digital model of the terrain in 3D. All the data obtained has been integrated into a Spatial Data Infrastructure. All this has allowed us to make a digital reconstruction of the archaeological record of the site. We present here the preliminary results of these works that we have made with the authorization and the financial support of the autonomous government of the Junta de Comunidades de Castilla – La Mancha.

 

References

 

Cacho, C. Et al., 2012. Quaternary International 272-273: 42-54.

Higham et al., 2014. Nature 512: 306-309.

Jordá, J.F., 2007. Geodinamica Acta 20/4: 209-217.

Kehl, M. et al., 2013. Quaternary Research 80(2): 218-234.

Lorenzo, C. et al., 2012. Journal of Human Evolution 62: 720-725.

Navazo, M. et al., 2017. Quaternary International, in press.

Wood, R.E. et al., 2013. PNAS 110(8): 2781-2786.

 


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