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Exploring pottery use in the Southwestern Atlantic Europe: an approach from the organic residue analysis
Miriam Cubas  1@  , Alexandre Lucquin  2@  , André Colonese  2@  , Pablo Arias  3@  , Bruno Aubry  4@  , Cyrille Billard  5@  , Mariana Diniz  6@  , Ramón Fábregas  7@  , Cécile Germain-Vallée  8@  , Denis Jan  8@  , Laurent Juhel  9@  , Arturo De Lombera Hermida  10@  , Grégor Marchand  11@  , Cyril Marcigny  12@  , Silvain Mazet  13@  , Cesar Neves  14@  , Roberto Ontañón  15@  , Teresa Simões  16@  , João Zilhão  17@  , Oliver Craig  18@  
1 : BioArCh-Univeristy of York. Sociedad de Ciencias Aranzadi  -  Website
2 : BioArCh-University of York  -  Website
3 : Instituto Internacional de Investigaciones Prehistóricas de Cantabria, IIIPC (Universidad de Cantabria)  -  Website
4 : Inrap Grand-Ouest  -  Website
5 : DRAC Basse-Normandie Service Régional de l'Archéologie
6 : Centro de Arqueologia da Universidade de Lisboa. Faculdade de Letras da Universidade de Lisboa
7 : University of Santiago de Compostela
8 : Service Archéologie du Conseil Départemental du Calvados
9 : Centre archéologique de Cesson-Sévigné
10 : Grupo de Estudos para a Prehistoria do Noroeste Ibérico-Arqueoloxía, Antigüidade e Territorio (GEPN-AAT). Dpto. Historia. Universidade de Santiago de Compostela
11 : UMR 6566 du CNRS – CREAAH - Laboratoire Archéosciences - Bâtiment 24-25 - Université de Rennes 1
12 : Institut National de Recherches Archéologiques préventives. UMR 6566-CReAAH, Universités de Rennes
13 : Inrap Grand-Ouest. Centre de Recherches Archéologiques de Grand-Quevilly
14 : UNIARQ – Centro de Arqueologia da Universidade de Lisboa
15 : Instituto Internacional de Investigaciones Prehistóricas de Cantabria – Museo de Prehistoria y Arqueología de Cantabria.
16 : Museu Arqueológico de São Miguel de Odrinhas
17 : Departament de Prehistòria, Historia Antiga i Arqueologia (Seminari d'Estudis i Recerques Prehistòriques). Universitat de Barcelona
18 : BioArCh-University of York

The origin and spread of pottery vessels marked an important change in culinary practices of prehistoric societies. Its introduction across Europe followed different geographic patterns and processes. In this context, the introduction and adoption of pottery technology in the western extreme of the continent occurred later than in other parts of South Europe.

This presentation is focused on the earliest evidence of pottery use along the Southwestern Atlantic coast of Europe. In this way, representative pottery assemblages from Portugal, Spain and France are used to investigate the role of this technology in relation to the arrival of the first domesticates to the region. By applying organic residue analysis on extracted lipids (i. e. gas chromatography, gas chromatography-mass spectrometry and gas-chromatography-combustion-isotope ratio mass spectrometry), this presentation assesses the function of pottery during this unprecedented cultural transition, which supposed the end of the hunter-gatherers communities in the region. Our results reveal considerable geographic variability in early pottery use related to the processing of different animal products. The results have significant implications for discussing regional patterns in Neolithic diffusion and the nature of early agropastoral economies in western Europe.


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