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Bifacial shaping: experimental and archaeological approaches for the identification of manufacture's stages
Ilaria Cicchiello  1@  , Marie-Hélène Moncel  2, 3@  , Carlo Peretto  1@  , Marta Arzarello  4@  
1 : University of Ferrara [Ferrara]  -  Website
Via Savonarola, 9, 44121 Ferrara FE -  Italie
2 : Histoire naturelle de l\'Homme préhistorique  (HNHP)  -  Website
Museum National d'Histoire Naturelle, Université de Perpignan Via Domitia, Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique : UMR7194
Institut de Paléontologie Humaine 1, rue René Panhard 75013 Paris -  France
3 : CNRS-National Museum of Natural History  (CNRS-MNHN)
Musée National d'Histoire Naturelle - MNHN (France) : UMR7194
IPH 1 rue René Panhard; 75013 Paris -  France
4 : Sezione di scienze preistoriche e antropologiche, Dipartimento di Studi Umanistici, Università degli Studi di Ferrara  (UNIFE) Ercole I d'Este, 32, 44121 Ferrara -  Italie

The study of handaxes' waste products can contribute to better understand the bifacial mode of shaping and the mobility pattern of the hominins. By studying experimental and archaeological samples, we tried to identify attributes that enable to differentiate handaxes' flakes according to stage of manufacture. Flakes resulting from experimental bifacial shaping and archaeological handaxes from two sites, Guado San Nicola (Italy) and la Noira (France), are examined and analysed by technological and statistical methods. Although most of the considered attributes are not significant, some characteristics allow differentiating the first stage of shaping from the final stages. We also notice that further information about flakes' phases attribution can be obtained if the knapping technique and the blank used to shape the handaxes are known. In addition, to separate the experimental samples based on knapping techniques allow making some remarks on the validity of the attributes usually associated with hard and soft hammer percussion.

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